Adamawa in the North East geopolitical zone remains one of the most challenged of the six states in the geopolitical zone in Nigeria. This is true of its human development indices and the insurgency and insecurity resulting from the killing and maiming of thousands, displacement of others and destruction of houses, markets, schools, farmlands, sacking of entire villages and impoverishment of entire households. The weak structure of civil society has also resulted in bad governance, weak institutions, citizens’ exclusion, poverty, low standards of living and relatively little ineffective civil society engagement.
These interrelated challenges have combined to entrench high levels of deprivation, illiteracy, poverty, unemployment, social exclusion and reinforce the vicious cycle of ignorance, lack of political awareness, bad governance, lack of accountability, absence of people oriented development and participatory processes, low realization of basic, economic, social and cultural rights. These have in turn resulted in citizens’ discontent, poverty, youth idleness and vulnerability to manipulation and exploitation. The result of is the evolution of political thuggery that has largely escalated to the insurgency that has fuelled the insecurity in the region which has resulted in the death of thousands, abductions of hundreds and internal displacements of hundreds of thousands.